India is a leading economy power in the Asian region giving due importance to both industrialization and environment management. The Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India is formulating environmental management policies and decision-making process aiming at environmental protection and sustaining good quality of life for the living beings. Realizing the need of appropriate environmental information, the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India has set up an Environmental Information System (ENVIS) in 1982 as a plan programme with the aim of providing national and international environmental information to varying users, which include decision-makers, policy planners, researchers, academicians, researcher scientist and the general public throughout the country to promote research as well as encourage the public for socially and environmentally sustainable development. Under the common objectives of collection, collation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of environment, the Ministry has established 76 ENVIS Centres in different parts of the country with different thematic area.
The ENVIS Centre set up in the Department of Zoology, University of Madras by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India is assigned a responsibility for the collection, collation and dissemination of information on the subject area of 'Microorganisms and Environment Management'.
ENVIS is a decentralized
system with a network of assigned subject oriented
Centres ensuring integration of national efforts
in environmental information extending it services
in the form of collection, collation, storage,
retrieval and dissemination to all concerned.
Presently the ENVIS network has its Focal Point
at the Ministry of Environment and Forest which
links all ENVIS Centres set-up in different organizations/establishments
in the country in selected disciplines of environment.
These Centres have been set up in the disciplines
of pollution control, toxic chemicals, central
and offshore ecology, environmentally sound and
appropriate technology, bio-degradation of wastes
and environment management etc.